Orthopedic surgeons are dedicated to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries involving bones, joints and muscles. The frequency and impact of these diseases and injuries combined with recent advances in their diagnosis and treatment make orthopedics a critical part of health care.
Orthopedic surgeons offer both surgical and non-surgical care in a variety of subspecialties. These include pediatric orthopedics, which is the care of injuries, deformities, and diseases of the bones, joints, muscles and tendons in children; joint replacement and surgery in arthritis, which is the care of patients with advanced arthritis including medical treatment, joint replacement and other procedures; and arthroscopic surgery which is the diagnosis and treatment of joint diseases and injuries using arthroscopic methods. In addition, Orthopedic surgeons provide care and rehabilitation in the areas of foot and ankle diseases and injuries, hand surgery, shoulder and elbow diseases and injuries, spine trauma and fractures, musculoskeletal oncology, and sports medicine, which is the evaluation and treatment of sports-related problems and injuries.